"Re-presenting" Native Americans in South Dakota

August 17 - November 30, 2020

Visual Arts Center | Young Artists Gallery

Flandreau Indian School students have curated and transformed archival materials from Augustana University's Center for Western Studies into “re-presentations” of Native Americans’ history in South Dakota. These artistic responses and curatorial choices are juxtaposed with two Augustana students' critical and creative academic analysis of the Elizabeth B. Bradley scrapbook, an early colonizer's narrative. Funded by the Council for Independent Colleges' grant program Humanities for the Public Good, an initiative designed to support innovative methods for making university archives more accessible to their communities, this project promotes critical questioning of normative perceptions that treat colonial histories as the distant past. These histories are contemporary and carry present-day impacts for people in our own community. The Flandreau Indian School students' curation and artistic reinterpretation of existing archival materials create new inclusion of Native voices that have been silenced or unrecognized institutionally and historically.

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Confidence
Caprice Snow
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska
“Yes, confidence. We walk with confidence, we walk on the bloodshed of our ancestors. We walk on prayers everyday, already made for us. Unseen blessings.”

Movement
Caprice Snow
Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska

Reversed Culture
Jerrell Spears
Turtle Mountain, Belcourt, ND
“I chose the title Reversed Culture because I want to show how it would be if white people stuck with our culture instead of theirs.”

Ghost Dance Aftermath
Wasicu Caze Storm Emakiyapi Ye 
Sissetonwan Wahpetonwan, Wahpekute Oyate Ematahan
“To show that our people had gone through so much, I decided to rip up the picture to represent that the soldiers and their people put us through a lot and our ancestors are fighting for themselves and future generations, which is where the bloody hands come into effect.”

Generational Breakthrough
Tayah Running Horse (Hanpikciyaki Napsu Kici Wacikiyuza) "Kicks Her Moccasins Off With Attitude"
Oglala Lakota Nation, Pine Ridge, SD 
"We will be known forever by the tracks we leave."

Indigenizing Boarding Schools
Aaliyah Smith
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe

Absolute Hearts
Jacquelyn Cabarrudia
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan
“Before colonialism we had sovereignty, teachings. and language. Family united us, our hearts were absolute.”

Laceration to the Mind
Jacquelyn Cabarrudia
Little River Band of Ottawa Indians, Manistee, Michigan
“The original photo was of 64 young boys and girls in communion outfits, not a smile in sight. In this work, I am trying to reinforce what is NOT taught in school, the topic that is blown over. We are not taught the hurt and historic trauma left from boarding schools. The stories of our grandparents being treated like guinea pigs, of them being beaten, raped, and molested on a daily basis.”

Ready for Change
Gabe Red Tomahawk

Untitled 1
Gabe Red Tomahawk

Untitled 2
Gabe Red Tomahawk

Betrayal
Mason Cournoyer
Ihanktonwan, Marty, SD
"The weakest, physically, are made into the strongest, spiritually."

Portrayal
Mason Cournoyer
Ihanktonwan, Marty, SD
"The window into a reality greed created."

Untitled
Tara F.
Sisseton Wahpeton, Oyate
“This guy was in the Wounded Knee files of the archives. Trying to make something of this without making it completely sad felt like a challenge for me.”

Untitled
Natasha 
Red Lake Nation, Ojibwe

Untitled
Atlantis "Sid" Hanks
You see these kids here. Their hair was cut. So I wanted to add some of that hair back.”

Untitled
Hayzil Alebrah Yellow Fox
Northern Cheyenne, Lame Deer, MT, Eagle Butte, South Dakota
“They were living in the same time but in two entirely separate worlds. The differences in their experiences leaves you speechless. The people in the drawing are anonymous but there is an untold amount of people that lived these lives.”

Dignified
Bianca T.F.
Oglala Sioux Tribe, Modesto, CA

Land of the Peacepipe
Tashina B. Palarios
Rosebud Sioux, Omaha, NE
“A native feminine Deity is walking over the lands and blessing them with her peacepipe.”


Life on the Reservation 
Tyrin G.
Standing Rock Sioux Tribe

Untitled
Justinlyn Romero
Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe

These are only photographs from the Archive but were selected by students


Funeral procession from St. Michael, ND to Crow Hill, 1916 
(original caption: "Funeral procession from Fort Totten to Crow Hill" was corrected by Father Stan Maudlin in 1985)
Image curated by McKenzie Phillips


Staff/Teachers relabeled as "Visitors" 
Image curated by Angelina Ramierz


Ice break up from flooding of Lake Ambrose in Stephan, SD in spring 1912
Image curated by Angelina Ramierz


Portrait of three unidentified Native American children, n.d.
Image curated by Jyssica Feather


Portrait of two unidentified Native American children, n.d.
Image curated by Jyssica Feather


Custer Massacre, Copyright 1909, G.F. Williams
Image curated by Jayreen Lupe


Pearl Howe (left, daughter of Guy Howe and Annie Acobo Howe) and Jennie Eagleman (right) n.d.
Image curated by Kaitlin St. John